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Created: May 21, 2009
Last modified: July 23, 2010


bridging science
and parascience

We do not consider these to be true protocols, as our systems for placement, operation, and evidenciary review of video equipment is still not wholly established. What we've collected here instead are the general guidelines we'll be teaching in our classes until such time as we can coalesce these guidelines into something more solid and routine. This is nothing more than "general advice," and we alter or modify them often.

We are currently making inquiries about (or testing) the following factors:

12mm IR CCTV
  •   Maximizing video resolution.
  •   Reducing transfer and processing times.
  •   Designing linked infrared, visible light, and ultraviolet video systems.
  •   The effects and value of a wide range of lens modifications and filters.
  •   Event driven video capture for long-term surveillance.

Video imaging is a very broad topic and the technolgy is improving remarkably and quickly - and equipment upgrades are frighteningly expensive.

We have recently been donated two new short range cameras and a second quadscreen digital video recorder, and purchased a monitor. After we review the equipments' capabilities, we will add them here.




Primary Use

4mm IR CCTV

Equipment:

The standards for video equipment are still a very fluid thing. We will eventually have to break up these standards separating the protocols for portable equipment from CCTV. Currently in the equipment bags (multiples of several) are:

CCTV

  •   DVRL L3142 3.6mm IR
  •   Gadspot 8mm IR
  •   NVR NXT520 IR with 4-9mm varifocal lens
  •   NVR LH4142 12mm IR
8mm IR CCTV

Portables

  •   Aiptek V2T6 720P HD with night shot
  •   Minolta Master 8-832
  •   Sony Handycam CCD-TR517 with night shot
  •   Sony Handycam CCD-TRV65 with night shot

DVRs

  •   Archos AV640
  •   Pinnacle Dazzle DVC170 (laptop req'd)
  •   Pinnacle Dazzle DVC100 (laptop req'd)
  •   HS DM4060 quadscreen

New video camera acquisitions are required to possess at a minimum: 0 lux capability, 1/3" CCD or larger, and 400 lines resolution or more. The only requirement for new recorders is that they must handle full RCA throughput (10 mB/s).

HS Quad DVR

Settings:

We target 30fps at 640 x 480 resolution, but true resolution varies widely (over and under) depending on equipment and equipment combinations.


Function:

The primary functions are to monitor fixed areas and / or the general locations of investigators for visual manifestations, or mundane events and occurrences which could adequately explain reported andecdotes.

Laptop and Pinnacle



Investigation:

The first task to be accomplished is determining camera placement. There is as yet no fixed protocol, but priority should be given as follows:

  •   Determine likely points of manifestation based on interviews, anecdotes, and Medium input. Create a mental priority list - high, medium, and low.
  •   If any point can be viewed best at a range of more than 20m, station the 12mm IR to cover that point. Otherwise, keep the 12 in the box.
Sony TRV65
  •   Station the Varifocal on the next highest priority position. Record output with the best laptop / Pinnacle combination available. Do not record directly to thumb drive!
  •   Station the 2 8mm IRs on the highest priority 10 to 20m points of interest, or over 20m if there remains a high priority long range point not covered by the 12mm. The 4mm IRs are to cover high priority points under 20m. Sony portables, as available, should be used to cover high priority short range (5m or less) points or fill in as needed.
  •   Any points of medium or low interest with good lighting conditions (and less than 10m) should be covered by the Minolta portable.
  •   At least one portable (Sony TRV65) should be used to film the Medium's walk-through. If more than one Medium is present, both Sonys should first be used for that purpose. After walk-throughs, Sonys should be positioned to film any otherwise uncovered areas or used to cover areas in which power outlets are unavailable.
  •   Full height tripods should be used first to isolate equipment from uneven surface conditions or moisture. Any time the situation would be satisfied by using the half height tripod or short bases, those should be substituted for full height units when insufficient full tripods are available.
Archos AV640

Recorder placement:

  •   First, the Quad should be used with the two lowest priority cameras stationed closest together, and the Archos should be used as viewing screen / backup recorder.
  •   Pinnacle / laptop combinations should be used to record the remaining fixed position cameras. If there are not enough, verify that the Quad is recording properly, then move the Archos. The Archos should always be used only as backup or as a last resort because it only accepts data at 1/4 the acceptable standard.
  •   All camera placements should be checked at least hourly.
  •   Positioned Sonys should be used on external power supplies whenever possible.
  •   The Aiptek night shot has insufficient range to be used in poorly lit conditions. Use it only as a replacement for the Minolta, or for non-investigative purposes (lectures, etc.).
  •   Video captures by digital still cameras should only be used as an absolute last resort - call for a portable first.
  •   Every attempt should be made to transfer video files from non-KRI equipment to the thumb drive during breakdown, or arrangements must be made to transfer the files within a week of the investigation.

Evidence Review:

Lead Investigator will process video files and distribute at least one two-hour TV-playable DVD to each investigator for review. This review should be handled using the same log sheets and processes used for audio until such time as a better system is worked out.


Investigators should always be paying attention to how the equipment is organized and set up. Any time a more effecient method can be suggested, please let the Lead know.

There are no further video protocols except to say the equipment is available as needed, as long as it doesn't interfere with higher ranked functions.